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  • You want the real truth? Well just remember one thing

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWSx0bBiNIs

    YOU CANNOT HANDLE THE TRUTH~~~~~

    HOW THE O.T. WAS WRITTEN??
    The whole Hebrew Scriptures isa solid mass of words in consonants only, with not a single vowel among them.
    This mass of words was written from right to left, without spacing between words, and without a single mark of punctuation from end to end.
    To give a visual illustration of the practical difficulties, and frequent impossibilities, of decipherment and translation of the Old Testament texts,HERE is one of the best known passages in the Hebrew Bible, printed in Hebrew characters as Yahveh himself is said to have written it:

    In type the letters are plain, though even in type many are much alike and difficult to distinguish, as; @@; and @@ and @@; @@ and @@; and @@ and @@; and @@; in handwritten Hebrew characters it is in many cases impossible to distinguish one from another.
    Jerome, who made the Vulgate Version of the Old Testament, says:
    "When we translate the Hebrew into Latin, we are sometimes guided by conjecture.
    " Le Clere says: "The learned merely guess at the sense of the Old Testament in an infinity of places ."
    ask?
    But what they have guessed it to mean we must believe or be damned.

    Here is the same passage composed in the same manner in English consonants:

    Hnrthfthrndthmthrthtthdysmyblngpntlilndwhchthlrdthgd

    gvthththshltntkllthshltntemmtdltrythshltntstlthshltntbr

    flswtnssgnstthnghbr =Who can guess what that familiar passage says?

    No wonder there are infinite doubts and difficulties as to the original words and their vowelization, and therefore even of their meaning.
    it is known that = Many of the Hebrew words are almost untranslatable, and the same Hebrew word is often given scores of wholly different meanings in translation.
    For example, the word 'abar' is given 88 different meanings;

  • #2
    The bible language—hebrew

    THE BIBLE LANGUAGEآ—HEBREW
    Such a thing as the "Hebrew language," as a separate and distinctive speech of the ancient Israelites, in which they held familiar converse with Yahweh, and in which Yahweh spoke with Adam and Eve and with the patriarchs and Moses, never existed
    The Catholic Encyclopedia further says:
    "The name Hebrew (as applied to the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which are composed nearly all the books of the Old Testament)
    is quite recent in biblical usage, occurring for the first time in the Greek prologue of Ecclesiastics, about 130 B.C."
    (Cath. Encyc. Vol. VII, 176).
    So, if Yahweh, God of Abraham and of Israel, spoke all these wonderful things to his Chosen People, he spoke them in the common language of the peoples and gods of Canaan and Assyria, and not in some choice and peculiar "Hebrew language" as a special idiom of his Chosen People and of his divine revelations to his people and through them to mankind.

    THE NAME OF THE HEBREW TRIBAL GOD
    "The modern Jews are as uncertain of the proper pronunciation of the Sacred Name as their Christian contemporaries as ''the name'' is not a name but simply 4 letters -with man added vowels
    Where did the Chosen People get or "borrowed" their tribal god.?
    The chats between the God and Moses at the burning bush demonstrates that neither Moses nor the Chosen People knew or ever had heard of Yahweh, or of any other "God of their fathers";
    for Moses says to the God:
    "Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them?" (Ex. iii, 13).
    A patch work
    A critical study of the Hebrew Scriptures by competent scholars reveals that their present form results from much and very uncritical editing and patching together of ancient traditions, folk lore tales, and written records, long after the times usually attributed to the FIVE books;
    after the captivity, to about 450 B.C., when national longings and aspirations were very strong, and the tribal YahWeh was being evolved into "one God of all the world," the priestly editors, worked the YahWeh and Elohim documents into one whole, with fine dramatic skill and much originality,!!!
    There is not existent in the world a single original book or manuscript of Hebrew or Christian Scriptures, containing the inspired Word of Yahweh.
    Curious indeed it seems that in this inspired revelation of Yahweh, the Hebrew God, to Man, wherein the awful destinies of the human soul are said to be revealed to eternal salvation or damnation, some ten thousand different, conflicting, and disputed readings and textual corruptions and verbal slips of inspiration admittedly exist in the inspired texts,

    AND TRANSLATIONS OF TRANSLATIONS

    On the title-page of Bibles in current use is the statement "translated out of the original tongues"; but this does not tell the whole or the true story.
    In the light of modern knowledge, it is quite evident that Moses and the "Hebrews" of his supposed time (1500 B.C.) could not write at all; or, if at all, on the theory of their 430 years in Egypt, only in Egyptian hieroglyphs.
    It was not until about the time of Amos (about eight hundred years after Moses) that the Hebrews were just "learning to write"; that they were now abandoning the clay tablet, and they wrote on papyrus with Egyptian pen and ink.
    ask
    HOW DID MOSES WRITE THE WHOLE 613 LAWS on clay tablets?
    dont forget Moses is expressly called "an Egyptian" (Ex. ii, 19) so he would write in Egyptian hieroglyphs
    Certainly He did not speak the Hebrew language, since it was non-existent.

    THE "FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES"

    The first and most obvious proof that the so-called 'Five Books of' Moses were not written by Moses, but date from a time many centuries after his reputed life and death, is very simple and indisputable. This proof consists of very numerous instances of what are called post-Mosaics, or "after-Moses" events, related in those books under the name of Moses as their inspired author; events of which Moses of course could not have known or written, as they occurred long after his death.

    [''what a tangled web is weaved when they practice to deceive'']
    https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism/ra1gw02.html
    Last edited by LucySmith; 09-23-2019, 12:30 AM.

    Comment


    • #3
      ''divine revelations'' including mistakes

      If Moses had written the books, surely be would have at least once written the name of the Pharaoh of the Exodus.
      But several times in the verses cited is it said, "Pharaoh king of Egypt," as if Pharaoh were the name of the king instead of simply the official title of the ruler.
      The Egyptian title "Pharaoh" means "Great House,"
      The writer did not know the name of the Pharaoh, and thought that Pharaoh was his personal name.

      In this light we will read a record which will totally destroy the theory of divine revelation as many mistakes abound
      Moses is reputed to have written the Five Books in the chronological order of the inspired events, and of course he must have written it all before he died, which was months before the Israelites entered the promised land.
      The events of the forty years in the wilderness are supposed to have been written in the wilderness where they occurred.

      Yet in Numbers 15, 32 it is recorded:
      "And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day"; and he was brought to Moses, and "they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him. And Yahweh said to Moses, The man shall surely be put to death" (xv, 33-36)
      .

      The writer was not "in the wilderness" when this was written, or be would never have added that phrase to it, as everything that occurred at all was "in the wilderness."
      Moreover, the "law" had already been declared at Sinai,
      "whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, be shall surely be put to death" (Ex. 31v 15)
      —so this narrative is just another "mistake of Moses."
      and another
      Joseph tells the Pharaoh:
      "I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews" (Gen. 40, 15).
      There was no "land of the Hebrews" in the days of Joseph, nor of Moses, nor until some years later when the Hebrews more or less possessed the land of Canaan or the "promised land" under Joshua after the death of Moses.
      so many mistakes --- these are just a sample
      In Deuteronomy 3, Moses is supposed to tell of a war which he had with the giant Og, King of Bashan, whom he conquered and killed.
      It is related (3, 11), that Og had an iron bedstead 16 1/2 feet long and 7 1/3 feet wide; and for proof of the whole story, it says:
      "Is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon?—preserved as a relic unto those days.
      But Moses never saw or heard of Rabbath, and could not have known what was in its local museum, for the town was first captured and entered by the Hebrews under David (2 Sam. xii, 26), some five hundred years after Moses died.

      But the strangest feature of this inspired story is this: in Exodus it is averred that the people ate manna for forty years
      "until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan" (Ex. 16, 35)
      .
      It was Joshua who led them across Jordan into Canaan, some time after the death of Moses, and Joshua relates for a fact that when they got across the Jordan, they "did eat of the old corn of the land in the selfsame day, and the manna ceased on the morrow, after they had eaten of the corn" (Josh. v, 11, 12). Moses could not possibly have known when the manna ceased or have written of this incident happening some time after his death.

      there are many ''mistakes''
      The Hebrew God and religion are principally to be found in the Five Books of Moses,
      however these instances of the late authorship of the other books are sufficient for present purposes;
      The purpose of thus pointing out the proofs that the Five Books of Moses and the others are of a date ages after Moses + is to show by the Bible itself that the records of the origins and development of the Hebrew legends, history, and religion were not written by Moses, .
      The Lie is Moses is accounted to have been the medium through whom the Hebrew God Yahweh revealed these events and this religion; and hence that these revelations are not authentic revelations from Yahweh, God of Israel, but are mere tribal traditions reduced to their present form of writing many centuries after their misty and mythical origin;
      Much of it all and particularly the law was the creation of the priests in the late and declining days of the nation, and after the captivity.
      These facts also illuminate the question of the inspiration of the "Holy Scriptures," on which depends their claim to full faith.

      Comment


      • #4
        big lies and rationalism

        THE TOWER OF BAB-EL

        The historical sketch given in Genesis 10 -11 of the gathering of the nations in the Plain of Shinar, their ambitious project of building Bab-el—"a Gate of God"—to reach to heaven (11, 4), and the consequent "confusion of tongues" by Yahweh, is quite as confusing as the resulting babel of their strange new tongues.

        the fruit revealed
        Vainly, it may be remarked, that one seek to understand why a fatherly God, who would not let a sparrow fall to the ground without pitying concern, should have wrought this grievous affliction upon the new population of his earth just at the time when they would seem to need all the aid and comfort they could render each other in order to repair the devastating damage wrought by the yet recent Flood, only about 144 years before.
        But speculation aside, we will carefully note the recorded facts of sacred history.

        Out from 8 people + 144 years later - chapter 10 tells of the families and descendants of the triplet sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japhet; and how their prolific offspring, in only about 144 years since the Flood, had grown into many different nations; and how these nations, of which about 12 are particularly named, with their great cities, were "divided in their lands, every one after his tongue"
        which would imply that each nation already spoke a different language; that there were, indeed, as many tongues as there were nations sprung so suddenly from the three sons of Noah.

        This inference that there were already as many different languages as there were nations would seem to be strengthened by the repetition of that positive statement three times, after the account of the off-spring of each of the three sons of Noah
        For the sacred record, after each catalogue of off-spring nations, asserts that thus the several nations "were divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations" (Gen. 10, 5, 20, 31).
        And for a final assurance it is in the closing verse averred:
        "These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations; and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the Flood" (x, 32).

        And all these nations were descended from three sons of Noah, in only 144 years;
        though it took the seed of Abraham 215 years to attain to merely seventy souls.


        And in the same inspired chapter 10 we read of the founding by these numerous nations of extensive kingdoms and of their building of great cities—including Babel itself (10, 10), and Nineveh (10, 11), and a dozen others named in the inspired record.
        And it is recorded that these several large kingdoms extended from Assyria on the east unto Gaza, by the Mediterranean Sea, on the west (10, 19), many hundreds of miles; and all these wonders of nations and kingdoms and cities in 144 years of Bible time since the Flood.
        Had one read this in some less inspired and sacred chronicle, some more human record, less would be the surprise when one reads the first verse of the very next chapter:

        "And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech."

        Next follows a truly remarkable migration; all the people of the earth, all these widely scattered nations in their great kingdoms and cities scattered from Euphrates to the sea, suddenly abandoned home, and city, and kingdom, and strangely journeyed and "they found a plain in the land of Shinah; and they dwelt there" (11, 2) camped in the open plain, without house or home

        "And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick; ... and let us build us a city, and a tower, whose top may reach unto Heaven; lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth" (xi, 3, 4).

        We need not stop to wonder why these nations had left their kingdoms and cities to come out in the plain and build one city for them all; nor how, speaking each a different language, they could talk understandingly together to concert such ambitious projects.

        Yahweh heard of this project, and, with natural curiosity, he "came down to see the city and the tower" (11, 5) which were building.
        And Yahweh said, to someone not named:
        "Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language" (instead of the many nations and many tongues of the immediately preceding records).

        "Go to, let us [who besides Yahweh is not specified] go down [though he was already come down], and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech" (11, 6, 7).
        And this Yahweh is said to have straightway done, and he "scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth; and they left off to build the city" (11, 8); and it is further recorded:
        "Therefore is the name of it called Babel: because Yahweh did there confound the language of all the earth" (11, 9).

        It may be wondered which of them called it Bab-el, for all their languages now at least were different.
        And it is a little curious that Bab-el should mean "confusion" (Heb., balel);
        for already there was a city, built by Nimrod, the mighty hunter, named Bab-el (Gen. x, 10);

        Comment


        • #5
          I am very grateful with ABBA Father lets the truth out ...........................

          that puts all other religious pretenders to shame amen



          the distinguished Hebrew scholar, Rev. Charles P. Fagnani, D.D.,
          Professor of Scripture in Union Theological Seminary,
          denies the Christian Godhood of Yahweh:
          "The god who is the hero of these [Genesis] stories is not the Supreme Cosmic God, the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom we live, and move, and have our being, but the tribal god of the Hebrews, according to their earliest and crudest conception of his character.
          To use the word God or Lord God instead of Elohim or Yaho is misleading and disastrous.
          It conceals from the unsuspecting reader that the un-Godlike sayings and doings recorded are those of an imagined, primitive deity, not those of the God of the New Testament."
          This leaves the pagan god Yahweh and his pretended "Holy Word" a myth of fables or a man made deity.
          (Fagnani, The Beginnings of History according to the Jews, pp. 18-19; Boni, New York, 1925)
          the lie
          Yahweh God of Israel further told Moses to gather together the elders of Israel, and to go to Pharaoh and give him a false reason:
          "Let us go three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice unto Yahweh our God" (Ex. iii, 18)
          And the same God of Israel told Moses that he, God, would help the Chosen to cheat the Egyptians and enable them to steal all their jewels and clothesآ—"and ye shall spoil the Egyptians" (Ex. iii, 22).
          This would be wicked enough on the part of Ali Baba and his forty thieves, or of Barbary pirates, and under any ordinary code of human law would be common crime, and the instigator would be criminal "accessory before the fact"; but this is the Holy Bible, and Yahweh called holy and just.

          THE exodus is so wonderful, and so humanly impossible that its accomplishment by Providence deserves our especial attention.
          We will therefore attentively review its wonders, which are superlative if one Bible wonder may excel another; they differ rather in wonder as one star differeth from another star in glory.

          "IN THE FOURTH GENERATION"

          The exodus took place in the "fourth generation" from the time of the original migration into Egypt.
          We have seen the four degrees from Jacob: Levi, Kohath, Amram, Moses.
          Making extreme allowance for length of life, we have been able to sum up only 350 years for the "sojourn in Egypt," though the inspired text says 430 years; at all events, the exodus was "in the fourth generation" (Gen. xv, 16).

          the inspired record, after relating the "spoiling of the Egyptians" by the Chosen says:
          "And the Children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about 600,000 on foot that were men, beside children.
          And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle" (Ex. xii, 37, 38)!
          The Jewish Encyclopedia and most accepted authorities estimate the total numbers of the exodus to be about 3,000,000!

          amazing
          Moses told the children, in instituting the passover, on the eve of the Exodus:
          "Take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover" (Ex. xii, 21).
          These lambs were to be "without blemish, a male of the first year," and were to be taken,
          "every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house" (Ex. xii, 3);
          If a household were too little to eat a whole lamb, the next-door neighbours might be invited to share it.
          Very liberally allowing ten persons to one lamb,
          *2,414,200 persons would require 241,420 male lambs of the first year for this one day's passover sacrifice.
          There would probably be as many female lambs of the same year, which would make 482,840 first-year lambs, to say nothing of the sheep and goats.

          Sheep-raising statistics show that, in average flocks of all ages, the total number is about five times that of the increase of one season's births;
          This would give us exactly the same number of sheep as of Hebrews, 2,414,200.

          Modern sheep-raisers seldom have grazing lands which will support more than two sheep to the acre.
          Allowing five to the acre for biblical Egypt, there would be
          482,840 acres of land, or 754 square miles,
          nearly two-thirds the area of the state of Rhode Island, would be required merely for pasturing the sheep of the slave Israelites, not allowing for their other cattle and horses, none of which had been killed in the plagues,

          Comment


          • #6
            I am very grateful with ABBA Father lets the truth out ...........................

            All Scripture, besides being "given by inspiration of God," is said to be "profitable for instruction";
            we find other curiously instructive features of this exodus pass over.

            In Exodus 12 we have the tangled and awesome story.

            Yahweh tells Moses that "in the tenth day of this month" the people should "take every man a lamb, ... and ye shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month; and the whole congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening"—of the fourteenth day; and "of the blood, strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses wherein they shall eat it."

            For the ceremony he gives particular directions:
            "And thus shall ye eat it: with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste" (12 v, 11).

            It is here ordered that there should be a four-day interval between the "taking" on the tenth day of the month, and the killing on the fourteenth day; but Yahweh overlooks this, or changes his mind, for be says:
            "For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt.
            And this day shall be unto you for a memorial" (12, 12, 14).

            "Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel," and told them to take "a lamb according to your families, and kill the pass over," and strike the blood on the door posts (12 v, 21).

            "And it came to pass that at midnight Yahweh smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt" (12 v 28).

            This clearly proves that the entire passover transaction, from the first commands of Yahweh about the lambs to the massacre of the first-born at midnight took place all on one day, and at latest on the "tenth day"—the four-day interval is forgotten and eliminated.

            But how was such a thing possible?

            We see the two and a half million people scattered over an indefinitely large territory;
            Yahweh appears sometime during the day (the tenth), and tells Moses and Aaron:

            "Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel,"

            giving them life-and-death orders and minute pass over cooking instructions, which they must perform that same day "in the evening" in order to escape the massacre of the first-born.
            Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and repeated the instructions to them.

            There were no telephones or radio broadcasting plants in those days to help disseminate this order in all its details to the head of every family of Israel, scattered throughout Egypt, or Goshen, or the Delta, or wherever they were, so that they might pick out 241,420 first-year male lambs without blemish, kill and cook them, according to entirely new recipes (12, 8-10),

            ''and strike the blood, in this novel way, on the door posts, so that, says Yahweh, "when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt."

            How these fateful orders were ever delivered "unto all the congregation of Israel" in that fraction of a day Yahweh only knows, as it is not revealed unto us in his Holy Word.

            Comment


            • #7
              But this is not all of this bit of Scripture, given for our instruction.

              That same night "at midnight Yahweh smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, and the firstborn of the cattle," of the Egyptians (Ex. 12, 29)
              though these same cattle had already been killed by each of several prior plagues:
              "all the cattle of Egypt died" of the murrain (Ex, 9, 6);
              then these dead cattle had boils (ix, 9);
              then they were all killed over again by the hail (9 , 25).

              As soon as the royal leave was thus granted to Moses, after midnight, must at once get the marching orders to the scattered millions of Israel.
              These were in their respective homes throughout the land, dressed and ready, in "watchful waiting" for they knew not what as yet, since it could not be known what effect the massacre of the first-born would have upon the Pharaoh; and the people were under strict command:
              "And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning."

              But in some strange and unrevealed way, whether by miracle or telepathy, the divine command through Moses to all the millions of Israel went broadcast (the second time in one day) to borrow" all the clothes and jewellery they could, and to "spoil the Egyptians" [12, 36); after which they should all mobilize immediately at the great city Rameses.

              So that self-same day, somehow, all the hosts of Israel, 2,414,200 of them, with "their dough before it was leavened, their kneading-troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders" (12, 34), their plunder, their old and decrepit, their babes and sucklings, their sick and infirm, their women in confinement and childbirth the whole mixed multitude, driving with them their "flocks and herds, even very much cattle, there was not an hoof left behind," at the divine command, began the world's greatest one-day feat.

              If they marched in close order, as many as fifty abreast, with an interval of only one yard between their serried ranks, there would have been 48,284 ranks, which would form a column twenty-eight miles long!

              But the truth is even more remarkable, if the Bible is accurate on the point; for the Hebrew text says:
              "And the children of Israel went up by five in a rank out of the land of Egypt" (Ex. 13, 18; see marginal note)—which would make the column 280 miles long!

              Such a multitude, with all its encumbrances, could not possibly march through the desert sands very many miles a day

              How many interminable miles the column was stretched out by the millions of sheep and cattle, not marching in close battle array, of course, unless divinely herded, we have no revelation, nor adequate data to compute.
              What the millions of cattle fed upon in the prolonged hike to the Red Sea, across the desert sands, with scant vegetation, divine revelation does not tell.
              Nor were the children much better provided for; they had only a little unleavened dough on their shoulders, "because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual" (Ex. xii, 39).

              A remarkable circumstance may be noted here:
              these fugitive slaves are represented as having slaves of their own which they carried away with them.

              Wonders such as these never cease in the providence of Yahweh to his Chosen People Israel; the relation of such wonders by the sacred writers is incessant.
              When the "hosts of Yahweh" got to Succoth, Yahweh was afraid for them, and "led them not through the way of the Philistines, although that was near; for Elohim said, Lest peradventure, the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt" (Ex. 13, 17);

              although they were 603,550 armed warriors, and were being led expressly to the armed conquest and extermination of "seven nations greater and mightier" than all Israel!
              Slaves are not usually allowed to keep arms, nor to be so trained that on one day's sudden notice they can, presto, change from a horde of slaves to soldiers who march out "by their armies" full panoplied for war.

              And if they were armed soldiers going forth to conquest, under the personal command of their God, a notable "Man of war," why should they "repent if they see war," between other peoples, and wish in fright to return to slavery?

              Revelation is silent on these mysteries.
              And despite of all Yahweh's concern for his warriors "lest they see war," they had not been three months out of Egypt before they had war with the Amalekites at Rephidim, when Aaron and Hur had to hold up the hands of Moses all day before the Israelites could finally win the battle (Ex. 14, 8-13)

              Where did these fleeing slaves get their arms—swords, spears, shields, bows and arrows, armor, for 603,550 soldiers?
              https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism/ra1gw04.html

              Comment


              • #8
                The children wail for water

                THE CHILDREN WAIL FOR WATER

                Only three days after this Red Sea massacre Yahweh's Chosen People got further into the wilderness of Shur, and "found no water" (Ex. 15, 22);
                whereupon they wailed again and started an insurrection; then moved on to Marah, the waters of which were so bitter they could not drink, and they wailed again, and cried:
                "What shall we drink?" (15, 24). S

                o Yahveh made the bitter waters sweet for his crying children, and brought them on to Elim, where there were twelve wells of water, and seventy palm trees; and the whole 2,414,200 Israelites, all their camp-followers, and their millions of cattle encamped there by the twelve wells under the seventy palm trees
                (15,v 27).

                This is the last natural water supply they saw until thirty-eight years later they happily encountered a well of Beer! (Num. 21, 16).

                They were supplied miraculously with water only twice, or once with the phenomena recorded in two ways.
                "that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water" (Deut. 8, 15);
                the Children of Israel wail and cry:
                "Why have ye brought up the congregation of Yahveh into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die [in] this evil place? ... neither is there any water to drink" (Num. 20 4, 5).

                SMITING THE ROCK FOR WATER

                After leaving the twelve wells of Elim, the Israelites came into the wilderness of Sin, in the middle of the second month after the passover, and started a bread riot, which was quieted by the miracle of quails and daily manna (Ex. xvi). Then they marched on to Rephidim, and at once rioted because "there was no water for the people to drink," and they were about to stone Moses to death.

                Yahweh here came to the rescue, and told Moses to take his wondrous rod and "smite the rock in Horeb" and bring water from it; and Yahweh stood upon the rock to watch the performance.

                Moses smote the rock, the waters gushed out, and the people drank; and Moses "called the name of the place Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel." This is related in Exodus 17, and is said to have occurred in or near the wilderness of Sin, some three months (Ex. 16, 1) after leaving Egypt, in 1491 B.C.

                But in Numbers 20, under the marginal date 1453 B.C. (that is, 38 years later), the same or a very similar story is told again, but differently.
                For "then came the children of Israel into the desert of Zin [instead of Sin], in the first month," and stopped at Kadesh; and "there was no water for the congregation";
                so they wailed and rioted again, because they and their cattle were like to die.

                This time Yahweh told Moses to take his rod and go with Aaron to a certain rock, and "speak ye to the rock"—instead of using the rod to smite it.
                But Moses was annoyed this time, and he meekly yelled at the Israelites: "Hear now, ye rebels" (20, 10), and instead of gently speaking to the rock, as Yahweh had commanded, he "lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice," and the waters gushed forth abundantly.

                But now Yahveh was angry with Moses and Aaron, and he said to them:
                "Because ye have not believed me, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them";
                and the sacred writer informs us:
                "This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with Yahveh" (20, 13).

                Here we have the desert of Sin and the desert of Zin, and two waters Meribah, but thirty-eight years apart, and each with entirely different circumstances; which was which let him unravel who is curious.
                In either event, so far as revealed, this is about all the water that the millions of Chosen and their millions of cattle had to drink in the terrible wilderness for almost forty years.

                Comment


                • #9
                  MIRACLE AND MATHEMATICS for quails

                  MIRACLE AND MATHEMATICS
                  https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism/ra1gw04.html

                  Let us figure a bit on this astonishing fall of quails, and see how far figures, which do not lie, may be an aid, or a handicap, to faith.
                  The quails were stacked up "two cubits high" for a distance of "a day's journey round the camp." A Bible cubit is 22 inches; two cubits are therefore 44 inches. A biblical "day's journey," according to the Jewish Encyclopedia, is 44,815 meters (1 meter is 39.37 inches, or 1.1 yards), which equals 49,010 yards, 27.8 miles.
                  Now, the camp of Israel (laid out as indicated in Numbers 2, and glowingly described by Balaam in Numbers 24) was, according to accepted calculations, twelve miles square.
                  It would be crowded, with about 16,800 persons to the square mile;
                  the densest population in the worst slums of any modern city is only some 25,000 to the square mile, in many-storied tenement houses.
                  And this doesn't allow a square foot for the millions of cattle.

                  Around this camp, twelve miles square, on all its four sides, lay heaped these miraculous quails, piled 44 inches high.
                  Assuming, for the sake of a minimum of miracle, and therefore of strain on faith, that this stack of quails began close to the four sides of the camp and extended for 27.8 miles in every direction,
                  we have a solid square of quails measuring from one outer edge to another 67.6 miles, deducting of course the twelve-mile square occupied by the camp in the center.
                  The solid mass therefore covered 4569.76 square miles, from which deducting the 144 square miles of the central camp leaves us 4425.76 square miles of quails piled 44 inches high

                  . This stack of quails thus covered an area by 500 square miles larger than the whole states of Delaware and Rhode Island, plus the city of Greater New York!

                  Such is the bounty of Yahweh, or such the boundlessness of inspiration.

                  As to the space occupied, one quail, packed tight by the weight of the mass, might be compressed into about 3 inches of space each way, which would amount to 27 cubic inches of space per quail, or 64 quails to the cubic foot of space throughout the mass.
                  Now, a surface of 4425.76 square miles, heaped 44 inches high with objects each occupying 27 cubic inches would make a considerable mass, which we must reduce to terms.

                  One linear mile contains 5280 feet; one square mile therefore contains 27,878,400 square feet.
                  The whole area of 4425.76 square miles would equal 123,383,107,584 square feet.

                  Each square foot being covered 44 inches, or 3.66 feet, high with quails, each quail occupying 27 cubic inches of space, with 64 quails to the cubic foot, the total would be 452,404,727,808 cubic feet of quails.

                  A bit of ready reckoning, on this conservative basis, gives us just 28,953,902,579,712 quails in this divine prodigy of a pot-hunt!
                  Ever soul of the 2,414,200 of the "hosts of Yahweh" therefore had the liberal allowance of 11,993,167 quails.

                  We can well believe, if the Children of Israel had to eat so many quails, even in "a whole month," that, as Yahweh promised or threatened, they would "come out at your nostrils and be loathsome to-you!"
                  It was a prodigious task to harvest all those quails; indeed, inspiration tells us,
                  "the people stood up all that day, and all that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails: ... and they spread them all abroad for themselves round about the camp" (Num. 11 v, 32).

                  This must mean all around within the camp; for the quails were already spread abroad for 67.6 miles "round about the camp" outside.
                  Indeed, as these wonderful quails stretched for nearly 28 miles, a whole day's journey, on every hand around the camp, an ordinary uninspired mind cannot grasp the process by which the millions of Chosen ever accomplished the incessant going back and forth, out and in, the hundreds of thousands of times necessary to harvest their marvelous crop of quails.

                  And how quails covering compactly an area of 4425 square miles could be "spread abroad," when garnered in, in the 144 square miles of the camp, already crowded with tents and people, or where they ever put the feathers and "cleanings," is another holy wonder
                  —if the whole affair were not simply a matter of simple faith.

                  And it is curious where the 2,414,200 Israelites stood to be able to get at the quail-picking; and how each person could gather up 11,993,167 quails in 36 hours, which would require them to gather up, each one, 335,366 quails per hour, or 5589 quails ever minute, or nearly 94 quails per second of uninterrupted time, leaving them no time to carry the quails the average 28-miles into camp to spread them abroad, and no time to eat, or sleep, or sacrifice, or die, which over 1700 a day did, or to bury their dead, or to be born, as the comparison of the two censuses shows 1700 a day were, or for any other of the daily necessities of camp-life.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    the camps

                    TENTS OF ISRAEL

                    In Egypt the Chosen, though slaves, lived in houses:
                    they escaped the passover massacre by smearing blood on the "door posts of their houses"; the Egyptians, being highly civilized, with great cities, lived also in houses, not in tents.
                    Yet we find the 2,414,200 Chosen, from Succoth on through the forty years' journey, encamped in tents; scores of times these tents are mentioned in the sacred texts.


                    We will inspect these tents with the eyes of faith.

                    The encampment of spreading tents must have presented a beautiful and impressive spectacle, for, when he saw it,
                    "Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the spirit of Elohim [Gods; Balaam was a pagan] came upon him.
                    And he took up his parable," and said: "How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel!
                    But this glowing record of the encampment of tents flatly contradicts another inspired text, which is the foundation of one of the great sacred festivals of the Chosen even to this day, the Feast of Tabernacles, a little later instituted (Lev. 23, 40-43) by Yahweh himself.

                    Here Moses commands the Chosen to take, every year at harvest time, "boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brooks," wherewith to construct "booths"; and, says Yahweh, "ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites shall dwell in booths:
                    That your generations may know that I made the Children of Israel to dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt:
                    I am Yahweh your God."

                    The waste howling wilderness "where no water is," could not, of course, afford trees such as these "goodly" ones, nor any trees at all, and certainly not trees enough to build "booths" for forty years for 2,414,200 Chosen People.

                    However this may be, they never observed the dwelling in booths till after the "discovery" of the Book of the Law, and the return from the captivity—"since the days of Joshua unto that day had not the children of Israel done so" (Neh. 8, 17).
                    This is an indication that the law of Moses had never existed through all those ages.

                    If the Israelites were in the wilderness at all, and lived in anything, it was in tents.
                    So for a moment we will consider these tents, and the holy camp, and several curious features connected with their encampments.

                    Where did the Chosen get their tents, and how did they manage to lug them along on their flight out of Egypt?

                    The inspired history tells us that they fled in such haste that they carried only unleavened dough and their kneading troughs bound up in their clothes on their shoulders, without even any victuals (Ex. `12, 39); there is not a word about heavy and cumbersome tents.

                    Tents are heavy, But these tents of the Israelites must have been big family affairs, for men, women, and children to live in with decency and some degree of comfort, and they must have been very heavy.

                    How did the Israelites carry them?

                    But first, how did they get them?

                    As they lived in houses in Egypt, it would be remarkable if each family, awaiting marching orders for the promised land, which until a single day previously they had no premonition of, should have had a tent in the garret.

                    And how many tents must they have had?

                    To crowd indecently ten persons, male and female, old and young, sick and dying, into each tent would have required at least 241,420 large and heavy tents, to be lugged in their first flight, and for forty years wandering in the wilderness.
                    And while it is said (Deut. 29, 5) that in the whole forty years "your clothes are not waxen old upon you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot," yet we are not told that tents were thus providentially preserved.

                    How the clothes and shoes of the little children who started on the forty-year tramp sufficed for them as they grew larger, unless the clothes and shoes expanded along with their skins from year to year, has become an old joke.
                    No such Providence is recorded as to the tents of Israel.

                    As for their encampments, who shall justly estimate their size and extent, for a host of two and a half million people, with all their slaves and camp-followers, and with more than that number of sheep and cattle?
                    The question would be of no concern if it did not involve some further strains on faith.

                    Every one of the forty-two times the camp was pitched (Num. 33), there must be suitable space found for some 250,000 tents, laid out (Num. 2) regularly four-square around the holy tabernacle, after that was constructed, and with the necessary streets and passages, and proper spaces between the tents.
                    Living people would not be packed in their tents like corpses or sardines; they must have at least, say, three times that space, thirty-six square feet or four square yards each.
                    A tent to house ten persons with minimum decency must occupy therefore an average of forty square yards.

                    If the 241,420 such tents were set one against another, with no intervening space or separating streets, they would occupy 9,656,800 square yards, or over 1995 acres of ground; a little more than three square miles.
                    But the desert was vast, there was no need for such impossible crowding; ample room was available for seemly spacing of tents, for streets and areas, for the great central tabernacle and its court, and for the 22,000 Levites, not counted in the soldier-census, who must "pitch round about the tabernacle," as well as space for the rounding up of the millions of cattle.

                    These allowances for order, decency, and comfort would much extend the circuit of the camp, and make more reasonable the accepted estimate that "this encampment is computed to have formed a movable city of twelve miles square," or an area of 144 square miles, which is certainly modest for a population equal to that of Chicago, which covers 198 square miles.
                    The tabernacle stood in the center, thus six miles from the outskirts of the camp in either direction.

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Some features of camp-life

                      SOME FEATURES OF CAMP-LIFE

                      So much for the lay-out of the sacred encampment.
                      What is the point of faith involved?
                      Whenever a sacrifice of sin-offering was made by the priest, a daily and constant service, "the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh, ... even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire" (Lev. 4, 11, 12).

                      This was the personal chore of the priest himself, of whom there were oddly three, Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar.

                      And there were thousands upon thousands of sacrifices, for every imaginable thing and occasion; and the carcasses and offal of the slaughtered cattle must always be taken "without the camp" and burned, by these three poor priests, and Father Aaron was over 80 years old.

                      So these chores would keep them going, time after time, six miles out and six miles back, lugging heavy and bloody carcasses and offal through the main streets of the camp, incessantly, and leave them no time for their holy, bloody sacrifices of myriads of animals, as described in Exodus 29, and all through Leviticus.

                      Moreover, the entire garbage, refuse, ashes, and filth of every kind of two and a half million people and millions of cattle must be constantly and with extreme care carried outside the camp, practically under the awful threat of annihilation; for "Yahweh.
                      thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefor shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee" (Deut. 23, 12-14);
                      and everybody who reads the Bible knows what the Chosen's enemies used to do to them whenever their Yahweh wasn't looking closely after them.

                      These inspired verses enshrine, too, for our admiration, material details: even the ordinary personal necessities of nature must be relieved "without the camp," and covered up by digging with a paddle (Deut. 23, 13);
                      the 603,500-odd valiant soldiers of Yahveh were commanded by Yahweh:
                      "Thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon" for this digging operation!

                      There must have been an advance revelation of the peculiar pattern of these funny weapons, with a spear-point on one end and a scavenger-paddle on the other, for the Chosen to have got them manufactured to special order by the armourers of Egypt.

                      And it is to be wondered how the non-combatants, women-folk and little children, did their digging on these occasions, unless they borrowed some warrior-paddle not then in use, or had a paddle-armed soldier for an escort when they went perforce "without the camp."

                      Just think for a moment, and then admire the strange providence of Yahweh:
                      two and a half millions of his Chosen People, old and young, sick and infirm, men, women, and children, trotting at all hours of day and night, from the more central parts of the encampment some twelve miles out and back, to find a suitable spot "without the camp" to respond to their several calls; and often even before they got back home, having to turn and trek all over again!

                      And every mother's son and daughter of the "hosts of Yahweh" must make an average of six miles, both ways, several times daily.
                      Moreover, as Yahweh got angry with his Chosen, whom he had repeatedly promised to bring into Canaan, and as he caused every one of them, except Joshua and Caleb, to die in the wilderness, there were on the average 1700 deaths and funerals per day for forty years, at the rate of 72 per hour, more than one for very minute of every day and all the corpses must also be carried "without the camp" for burial, an average of six miles going and returning.

                      And as the census taken at the end of the forty years shows but a slight decrease in numbers from that taken at the beginning, the entire host was renewed by a birth-rate of over one a minute for forty years; and all the debris must be lugged without the camp and disposed of. Verily the Chosen had their troubles.

                      THE "BURNING QUESTION" OF FUEL
                      https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism/ra1gw04.html
                      There is also the question of fires and fuel.
                      The myriads of sacrifices and burnt offerings at the tabernacle, besides the wasteful burning "without the camp" of practically entire animals, and that too when the children of Israel were straying and rioting for "flesh to eat," required many fires and hence much firewood.
                      Where, there in the "waste howling wilderness," did they get so much fuel?
                      —a burning question nowhere answered by revelation.

                      In the Arabian wilderness at certain seasons, and always at night, when the fiery sun had set, the cold was fearfully intense;
                      the Chosen must have been grievously beset to find firewood to keep themselves from freezing, and it is never once recorded that stove-wood was miraculously provided either to keep them warm or to cook manna, to say nothing of the big quail feast.

                      The inspired Word tells us much of the fires and of the ashes, but vouchsafes nothing about the immense forests which must have been required to supply a population like that of modern Chicago with firewood for heating, cooking, and burning hecatombs every day for forty years.

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by LucySmith View Post
                        SOME FEATURES OF CAMP-LIFE

                        So much for the lay-out of the sacred encampment.
                        What is the point of faith involved?
                        Whenever a sacrifice of sin-offering was made by the priest, a daily and constant service, "the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh, ... even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire" (Lev. 4, 11, 12).

                        This was the personal chore of the priest himself, of whom there were oddly three, Aaron and his sons Eleazar and Ithamar.

                        And there were thousands upon thousands of sacrifices, for every imaginable thing and occasion; and the carcasses and offal of the slaughtered cattle must always be taken "without the camp" and burned, by these three poor priests, and Father Aaron was over 80 years old.

                        So these chores would keep them going, time after time, six miles out and six miles back, lugging heavy and bloody carcasses and offal through the main streets of the camp, incessantly, and leave them no time for their holy, bloody sacrifices of myriads of animals, as described in Exodus 29, and all through Leviticus.

                        Moreover, the entire garbage, refuse, ashes, and filth of every kind of two and a half million people and millions of cattle must be constantly and with extreme care carried outside the camp, practically under the awful threat of annihilation; for "Yahweh.
                        thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefor shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee" (Deut. 23, 12-14);
                        and everybody who reads the Bible knows what the Chosen's enemies used to do to them whenever their Yahweh wasn't looking closely after them.

                        These inspired verses enshrine, too, for our admiration, material details: even the ordinary personal necessities of nature must be relieved "without the camp," and covered up by digging with a paddle (Deut. 23, 13);
                        the 603,500-odd valiant soldiers of Yahveh were commanded by Yahweh:
                        "Thou shalt have a paddle upon thy weapon" for this digging operation!

                        There must have been an advance revelation of the peculiar pattern of these funny weapons, with a spear-point on one end and a scavenger-paddle on the other, for the Chosen to have got them manufactured to special order by the armourers of Egypt.

                        And it is to be wondered how the non-combatants, women-folk and little children, did their digging on these occasions, unless they borrowed some warrior-paddle not then in use, or had a paddle-armed soldier for an escort when they went perforce "without the camp."

                        Just think for a moment, and then admire the strange providence of Yahweh:
                        two and a half millions of his Chosen People, old and young, sick and infirm, men, women, and children, trotting at all hours of day and night, from the more central parts of the encampment some twelve miles out and back, to find a suitable spot "without the camp" to respond to their several calls; and often even before they got back home, having to turn and trek all over again!

                        And every mother's son and daughter of the "hosts of Yahweh" must make an average of six miles, both ways, several times daily.
                        Moreover, as Yahweh got angry with his Chosen, whom he had repeatedly promised to bring into Canaan, and as he caused every one of them, except Joshua and Caleb, to die in the wilderness, there were on the average 1700 deaths and funerals per day for forty years, at the rate of 72 per hour, more than one for very minute of every day and all the corpses must also be carried "without the camp" for burial, an average of six miles going and returning.

                        And as the census taken at the end of the forty years shows but a slight decrease in numbers from that taken at the beginning, the entire host was renewed by a birth-rate of over one a minute for forty years; and all the debris must be lugged without the camp and disposed of. Verily the Chosen had their troubles.

                        THE "BURNING QUESTION" OF FUEL
                        https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism/ra1gw04.html
                        There is also the question of fires and fuel.
                        The myriads of sacrifices and burnt offerings at the tabernacle, besides the wasteful burning "without the camp" of practically entire animals, and that too when the children of Israel were straying and rioting for "flesh to eat," required many fires and hence much firewood.
                        Where, there in the "waste howling wilderness," did they get so much fuel?
                        —a burning question nowhere answered by revelation.

                        In the Arabian wilderness at certain seasons, and always at night, when the fiery sun had set, the cold was fearfully intense;
                        the Chosen must have been grievously beset to find firewood to keep themselves from freezing, and it is never once recorded that stove-wood was miraculously provided either to keep them warm or to cook manna, to say nothing of the big quail feast.

                        The inspired Word tells us much of the fires and of the ashes, but vouchsafes nothing about the immense forests which must have been required to supply a population like that of modern Chicago with firewood for heating, cooking, and burning hecatombs every day for forty years.
                        Lucy J.

                        Ye fornicate with every unclean, unbelieving person ye can find on the internet, take for instance the people and website that you have been re-posting their UNBELIEVING trash above.

                        Existence of Jesus Controversy

                        Here: https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism...-question.html

                        Lucy J. ye really don't even believe that Jesus even existed by quoting ye UNBELIEVING Jon's, and next ye will be telling everyone ye LIE how Jesus has given ye LIFE NOW to parrot Spying.

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Lucy J.s double mindedness.

                          The apostle James wrote, Draw nigh to God/Elohim, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners/transgressors of divine law; and purify your hearts, ye double minded. James 4:8.

                          http://www.blbclassic.org/lang/lexic...gs=G1374&t=KJV

                          Yea, Lucy the double minded transgressor of divine law 1 John 3:4.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Lucy J.s own saying.

                            Originally posted by Eliyah View Post
                            Lucy J.

                            Ye fornicate with every unclean, unbelieving person ye can find on the internet, take for instance the people and website that you have been re-posting their UNBELIEVING trash above.

                            Existence of Jesus Controversy

                            Here: https://www.big-lies.org/rationalism...-question.html

                            Lucy J. ye really don't even believe that Jesus even existed by quoting ye UNBELIEVING Jon's, and next ye will be telling everyone ye LIE how Jesus has given ye LIFE NOW to parrot Spying.
                            Lucy, when ye quote UNBELIEVERS, then ye are in the same boat with them.

                            Hmm, what was that saying that ye used?
                            Messiah can't work in UNBELIEF.
                            Then suppose ye tell all of us, then how does Messiah work in your UNBELIEF, and does Messiah give UNBELIEVERS eternal life?

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Forty years in the wilderness

                              IN the third month after the hegira from Egypt the hosts of Yahveh came to the "desert of Sinai, and pitched in the wilderness, and camped before the mount" (Ex. 19, 1, 2).
                              This was Mt. Sinai (named for the pagan moon-god Sin), also confusedly called Horeb, and sacred as the "Mount of God,"—though in Hebrew it is called Harha-Elohim, the "Mount of the Gods."

                              Mt. Sinai is said by the Bible dictionary, with a marvelously developed bump of locality, to be "156 miles southeast of Cairo, Egypt";
                              but the Encyclopedia Britannica says that the sacred writers locate the place "only by aid of the imagination" (Vol. XXV, p. 138),
                              and that the "Mount of Yahveh" has never been identified.
                              Even the identification of Sinai, however, would prove none of the stories of Yahweh to be true, any more than Olympus proves the existence of Zeus.

                              But if anywhere, Mt. Sinai was in Midian, in the country of Jethro, and near the site of the burning bush; for Yahweh had said:
                              "When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve ha-Elohim [the Gods] upon this mountain"
                              (Ex. 3, 12).

                              And it was in the "great and terrible wilderness," at a choice locality where the 3,000,000 Chosen People could spread their 12-mile square camp and corral their vast herds of sheep and cattle; and a mountain of such special and peculiar shape that the Chosen could build a fence around it (if they had the timber), or in some other way "set bounds about the mount" to keep the people and the cattle away from its fatal sides, lest Yahweh "break forth upon them, and many of them perish."
                              It was also fearfully fenced off with a taboo of terror from the curious:
                              "whosoever toucheth the mount shall surely be put to death," stoned or shot through, even beasts, declared Yahweh (Ex. 19, 12, 21-24).

                              After these remarkable precautions for mystery and secrecy, the Chosen were required to be "sanctified," an operation consisting of washing their clothes
                              (Ex. 19, 10)
                              —though where in the wilderness they got the water for laundering when they were rioting for water to drink is not revealed
                              —and of three days' mortification of the flesh by abstaining from their one and only recorded pleasurable pastime in the wilderness the carnal knowledge of their women (19, 15).

                              These mystic directions were given by Yahweh to Moses on the day of arrival at Sinai, when Moses, without being invited, and apparently without knowing that Yahweh was there, made two informal calls on Yahweh (19, 3, 8).
                              On the second Yahweh said that he would "come down in sight of all the people" on the third day thereafter.
                              But it was not Yahweh alone whom Moses visited on these occasions; the Hebrew text distinctly says:
                              "And Moses went up to the Gods [ha-Elohim], and Yahweh called unto him from the mountain" (19, 3).

                              Just how these things did pass at that mysterious place, the different appearances of Yahweh and the numerous errand-boy trips of eighty-year-old Moses up and down the steep mountain during a year's time, is a veritable Chinese puzzle, which we need not try to work out.

                              Comment

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